Refrigerator Buying Guide

Your Guide to Buying a New Refrigerator

A key appliance that the majority of households can't live without is the refrigerator. Shopping for a new refrigerator can be fun if you know what you need to look for and have a plan in place before you head to the store! Whether you are replacing an existing model or buying one for the first time, there is a lot to consider when choosing a refrigerator.

In this Refrigerator Buying Guide, we cover everything you need to know, including the types of refrigerators, styling options, features to consider, and measuring your space. Discover all of the information you need in one convenient place. Enjoy! We know you'll learn a lot.


In a Hurry? Check Out Our Video on Choosing the Perfect Refrigerator!


Refrigerator Types & Styles

One of the most basic questions to consider is what type of refrigerator you need. There are five main categories to consider, plus styling and design options that we'll outline below.

Top Freezer Refrigerators

This style of refrigerator is found in many small homes, older homes, and apartments, due to their smaller footprint and lower cost. They come in many sizes from 10 cubic feet to 24 cubic feet. In terms of dimensions, a top freezer refrigerator will tend to fit in a smaller space both in terms of height and width than many of the larger French door and side by side models that have become popular in the past few decades. They also tend to be slightly more energy efficient than comparable models in other styles by 10 to 25%. The largest top freezer refrigerators are around 24 cubic feet. LG makes a 24 cubic foot model but most brands top out around 20 to 21 cubic feet in their top freezers.

For specific product recommendations, check out our reviews of the 6 Best Top Freezer Refrigerators of the Year!


A top freezer refrigerator may be for you if...

  • You're looking for an inexpensive option for the size you need

  • You have a small kitchen area or other space limitations

  • You don't mind the inconvenience of bending over to access the refrigerator

  • You don't need an ADA compliant refrigerator (although many Summit refrigerators in the top freezer style are ADA compliant)

  • You're not interested in a water or ice dispenser in the door

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Top Freezer Refrigerator Frigidaire FFTR2021TD


Bottom Freezer Refrigerators

A bottom freezer refrigerator has the fresh food section on the top to allow better visibility and access to fresh food without the need for bending over. The freezer door - or freezer drawer, in this case - is at the bottom. These models are typically found in the 10 to 25 cubic foot range. These can be great for consumers that like to have their most frequently accessed fresh food items at eye level. A basic bottom freezer refrigerator will be about $100-200 more than a comparable top freezer model.

For specific product recommendations, check out our reviews of the 5 Best Bottom Freezer Refrigerators of the Year!


A bottom freezer refrigerator may be for you if...

  • You would prefer to have your fresh food items at eye-level

  • You can spare some extra inches to fit a refrigerator with a larger footprint

  • You want a freezer with organizing shelves and baskets

  • You have the space in front of the refrigerator area to accommodate a wide door swing

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Bottom Freezer Refrigerator Whirlpool WRB322DMHV


French Door Refrigerators

French door refrigerators have taken the market by storm and they are especially popular in new home packages and kitchen remodels. They have two doors on the top for accessing the fresh food and a freezer drawer at the bottom. They come in many sizes, from 18 cubic feet to over 30 cubic feet, and are available with or without an icemaker accessible through the fresh food door. 

For specific product recommendations, check out our reviews of the 7 Best French Door Refrigerators of the Year!


A French door refrigerator may be for you if...

  • You want a shallower door swing - for example, if you have a kitchen island in front of your refrigerator

  • You're looking for extra-large capacity models (see our review of the largest French door refrigerators for some great models to consider in this category!)

  • You want to keep the freezer on the bottom rather than go for a side by side model

  • You're willing to pay, on average, a higher price

Refrigerator Buying Guide_French Door Refrigerator Samsung RF28HFEDBSR


Side by Side Refrigerators

Side by side refrigerators are very stylish looking. They have the freezer on the left and the fresh food section on the right, split down the middle. They provide better access and visibility to the fresh food and better organization in the freezer section. They also are available with ice and water dispensers on the outside of the freezer door. The only drawback of this style is that the freezer sections are somewhat narrow, making it difficult to accommodate very large items. Side by side models typically range from 20 to 28 cubic feet. Most are 22-26 cubic feet. Compare French door vs side by side designs in our article, or check out the largest side by side refrigerator models!

For specific product recommendations, check out our reviews of the 7 Best Side by Side Refrigerators of the Year!


A side by side refrigerator may be for you if...

  • You access the freezer section often and prefer shelving to drawers

  • You need an ADA compliant refrigerator

  • You want an icemaker and/or water dispenser that takes up a minimum amount of space

  • You need a shallow door swing for your kitchen space

  • Your budget makes a side by side a more affordable option than a French door

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Side by Side Refrigerator Frigidaire FFSC2323TS


Exterior Styling Options

Built-in refrigerators are made to be built into an opening in the kitchen cabinets so they do not protrude from the cabinets. These high-end appliances do not have finished sides, and the compressor is usually located on the top of the unit. These are available in larger sizes and are usually priced much higher than freestanding refrigerators. 



Panel-ready refrigerators are similar to built-in models and are also a high-end option designed to have custom panels and hardware installed on the exterior for a seamless look that will blend in with your kitchen cabinets.

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Kitchen_Aid_KRFC302EPA_Panel_Ready_Refrigerator


Counter-depth refrigerators have a shallower depth than a typical refrigerator at about 24 to 25 inches plus 5 or so inches for the handles, so they don't stick out from the surrounding cabinetry. These models tend to be wider to make up for the decrease in depth and are another way to achieve a high-end look in your kitchen. They are more expensive than non-counter depth models.

For specific product recommendations, check out our reviews of the 5 Best Counter Depth Refrigerators of the Year!

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Counter Depth_GE French Door GYE22HSKSS


Another styling consideration is hardware. Some homeowners are very particular about having a complete suite of appliances with matching handles. All manufacturers, including their sub-brands, have distinctive handles - for example, KitchenAid's handles are vastly different from those of the Frigidaire Gallery line. 

And, of course, appliance colors! We're used to seeing traditional white and black, and stainless steel has been the premium go-to for years. However, new style trends are on the rise that you may want to consider, such as black stainless steel and GE's Slate, and Whirlpool Sunset Bronze. You may also want to consider smudgeproof stainless steel, which is available from many manufacturers.

Measure Your Space to Ensure a Perfect Fit

It's important to know how much space you have to work with in your kitchen when choosing the refrigerator size you need. If you are placing a refrigerator in a designated built-in compartment in your cabinetry, you'll have to measure the height, width, and depth. You'll also want to measure the distance to any obstructions that could impede the door swing, like doorways or kitchen islands. This will also help you consider how the refrigerator will look in your space and how the door swing will affect the "flow" of your kitchen.

Many smaller top freezer refrigerator models will fit in spaces less than 30" in width, as will some single door bottom freezer models. Most side by side refrigerators and French door models are designed to fit either a 33" or 36" space. These are the two standard spaces for modern kitchen design. Heights vary, so measuring available height is important as well - especially if your refrigerator compartment has cupboards above the refrigerator. 

Pictured below is an example of a full depth refrigerator in a counter depth cabinet vs a counter depth model in a counter depth cabinet to show the importance of measuring!

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Counter Depth vs Full Depth Refrigerator

As mentioned above in the styling section, counter depth vs full depth is another consideration. Counter depth models have a 24" deep case and are designed so that only the doors stick out beyond standard cabinetry and countertop depths. These are very popular in French door and side by side models, and single door bottom freezer models to a lesser extent. If you have a counter depth space and purchase one of these, it will look great. The one drawback is that you will sacrifice size compared to a full depth refrigerator of equal width and height. A full depth model installed in a counter depth opening will be less aesthetically pleasing for sure.

Something consumers often overlook is measuring doorway openings. If the refrigerator will fit in the kitchen space but not through a doorway in your home, it won't be a good match for you! Be sure to closely measure the kitchen opening and all doorways.


Quick Reference - What to Measure:

  • Height, width, and depth of a designated built-in compartment in your cabinetry or wherever the refrigerator will be installed

  • Measure the distance to doorways, kitchen islands, and other obstructions that could impede door swing

  • Measure any doorway openings that the refrigerator will need to be carried through for installation

Key Features to Consider - What Are Your Must-Haves?

There are a lot of great features available in today's modern refrigerators. Here's a partial list of what to look for and consider:


Ice & Water Dispensers

There are many options here. Some refrigerators simply have an ice maker in the freezer section for on-demand ice, but no dispensing system and no water available. Many other models have filtered ice and water located in the door, giving you access from the outside. Still others have water dispensers inside of the fresh food compartment so that the exterior maintains a sleek, smooth look. If you are considering purchasing a refrigerator with ice and water dispensers or an ice maker in the freezer, make sure that you have access to a cold water line or are able to install one. If you have an ice maker in your current refrigerator, make sure the water line is in good condition if you intend to reuse it. If not, arrange to have a new one installed by a licensed professional. Read more about refrigerator ice and water dispensers in our article!

Refrigerator Buying Guide_GE French Door GYE22HSKSS Ice and Water Illustration 

Dual Evaporators

Using dual evaporators - one for the freezer and one for the refrigerator section - increases climate control and temperature management in both compartments, keeping food fresher. They help eliminate temperature imbalances. For example, in a single evaporator model, if a fresh food door is left open frequently for long periods, the freezer may run at a colder than normal temperature and "over-freeze" the frozen foods as the single evaporator pushes additional cold air throughout both compartments to help stabilize the temperature in the fresh food compartment. Dual evaporators mitigate these issues.


Four Door Refrigerators

Looking for a cutting-edge design in a new refrigerator that could save you time, effort, and electricity? Check out four-door refrigerators! Four door refrigerators are like French door refrigerators  but with the addition of a second drawer, which is usually for fresh food storage above the freezer door. This space can be very useful to you if you want to have a separate space for keeping certain foods at a different temperature or storing drinks and other snacks for the kids, so they can simply open the drawer and grab what they need without opening the large main doors. Other models split the freezer section vertically in half.

Bosch B36CL80SNS Four Door French Door Refrigerator


Door in Door Refrigerators

A door in door refrigerator is another cutting-edge design feature. These models allow you to open just the outside section of the righthand fresh food door, allowing you to access frequently used items while keeping more cold air inside the refrigerator, where it belongs. This can be a great place to store items like sodas, juice, bottled water, and snacks, and other items that are accessed on a daily basis. Check out the article linked at the beginning of the paragraph for examples of several door in door designs from different brands!

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Whirlpool WRF974CIHZ Door in Door Refrigerator


Shelving & Storage Layouts

Be sure to take a close look at the interior layout of your refrigerator as well. Refrigerator shelving comes in different materials and layouts. Lower-end models have wire shelves, whereas you'll find glass shelves on most higher-end models. The number and location of the shelves and the available configurations are important to consider. You'll also want to take account of any storage bins, the size and layout of the door compartments, and the temperature controls of the bins. 

Refrigerator Buying Guide_GE French Door GYE22HSKSS Shelving Illustration



Connected appliances are all the rage! Many manufacturers offer smart refrigerators. LG has refrigerator models that can check food expiration dates and connect you to your refrigerator while you're at the grocery store. GE's wifi connected appliances leverage the virtual assistant Amazon Alexa and provide powerful features for consumers. Samsung's Family Hub refrigerator is pictured below. Recently, Whirlpool also rolled out a full offering of connected models (find out more about Whirlpool connected appliances in our article). A salesperson can help you figure out whether these cool features will fit with your lifestyle.

Samsung RF28N9780SR 4 Door FlexZone Refrigerator Family Hub


Know Your Price Range

Above the Fold Image Hotpoint Refrigerator Reviews - Hotpoint Website

The most inexpensive full-size refrigerators start in the $500 to $600 range. These are the most basic models, and are typically top freezer refrigerators with wire shelving. They're a great choice if you just want to keep your food cold with no frills. Check out Hotpoint refrigerators for great top freezer options, or consider value brand Amana for bottom freezer and side by side models. 

There are many full-featured models within the $900 to $1,500 range. Larger models with more features can run from $1,500 to $4,500, and built-in models can reach $10,000 and above. The up-charge on a counter depth model can be as low as $100. 

The price range you'll fall into will depend largely on the features you seek, and, to a lesser extent, the size of refrigerator you need. 

More Ways to Save Money - Appliance Packages & Rebates

Refrigerator Buying Guide_Bosch Refrigerator

If you're planning to replace multiple kitchen appliances at once or buy a full kitchen suite for a new home construction or top-to-bottom kitchen remodel, you may want to consider appliance packages as a way to save money on your purchase. This is especially handy if you want a fully matched look - as we mentioned above, each brand uses distinctive hardware for their refrigerators, and colors like black stainless steel look different depending on the brand.

Another way to save money on a new refrigerator is to take advantage of appliance rebates. Brands will offer you discounts on the product itself or on delivery and installation for things like buying several appliances at once or purchasing an extended warranty, A rebate may also be available for recycling old refrigerators - use the Energy Star rebate center to see if this is an option in your area! And check out these tips on finding a program to recycle your old refrigerator, too!

Final Thoughts

We hope our refrigerator buying guide was helpful on your journey to buying a new refrigerator. We'll use some handy bullet points to summarize all of the things we went over in case you're feeling a little overwhelmed!

  • Know what type(s) of refrigerator you prefer based on your available space and design preferences

  • Research the features you want in your new refrigerator, such as a water dispenser, wifi connectivity, or even a built-in Keurig K Cup brewer

  • Decide what capacity range you need based on your household size and available kitchen space

  • Measure the area where your refrigerator will be installed and any doorways it will be transported through, and pay attention to the dimensions of any models you're considering

  • Know how much you are willing to spend - and take advantage of rebates, package deals, and holiday sales

  • Have a plan in place for how you will dispose of your old refrigerator, if needed - many appliance retailers offer services to pick up and recycle your old model!


If you're getting close to buying a new model, you might be worrying about the delivery and installation process. What should you do to prepare your old refrigerator, for example? We created a (free) New Refrigerator Checklist to walk you through each step of the process - fill out the form below to download!

Want to learn more about buying appliances?

Click here to download any of our Buyer's Guides on various product types. These illustrated guides are 20 to 30 pages in length and packed with great tips!
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